Information on Diabetic Medication

There is a wide variety of diabetic medication available today, depending on what type of diabetes a given patient may have. Type 1 diabetics, whose bodies do not produce insulin, need to take insulin, but may also benefit from complementary medications. Type 2 diabetics, whose bodies develop a resistance to the effects of insulin, may be able to control their blood sugar by using one of these other types of medication.

Sulfonylureas and Meglitinides both work by enhancing insulin production to help combat blood sugar surges often seen after meals. Obviously these two types of medication are useless to type 1 diabetics, and some type 2 diabetics who’s beta-cells no longer produce insulin also will not benefit from these two types of diabetic medication.

Biguanide medications work by reducing the liver’s excess production of glucose, which can benefit all diabetics. For type 2 diabetes, these medications can be used in conjunction with sulfonylureas to provide better control of blood sugar levels. However, there is some risk of dangerous side effects, so some individuals cannot use biguanide diabetic medication.

Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitors, also known as starch blockers, are another class of medication that can benefit all diabetics. These diabetic medications help revent blood sugar spikes by slowing the body’s digestion of carbohydrates. However, altering the body’s digestive mechanisms causes some unpleasant digestive side effects.

Glitazones are a particularly intriguing class of diabetic medication, which target the root cause of type 2 diabetes by enhancing the body’s insulin sensitivity. These medications can take weeks or months to reach their full effect, so they are often prescribed in conjunction with one of the other diabetic medications.

If you have type 2 diabetes, which your current medication is failing to control effectively, you may want to talk to your doctor about trying one of these other diabetic medications to see if you can achieve a better quality of living by adjusting your treatment. If you have type 1 diabetes, and are taking insulin alone, you may want to talk to your doctor to see if one of these other medications might be beneficial to your treatment.

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