Because Gestational Diabetes Mellitus is very hard to detect, most pregnant women carry the condition, unaware about the risks it could bring until complications occur symptomatically. To avoid detrimental risks that may happen due to lack of awareness and misdiagnosis, one should be able to determine what the Gestational Diabetes Symptoms are.
Gestational Diabetes symptoms are very hard to detect, because it doesn’t usually have evident manifestations. You may have symptoms of gestational diabetes that come from high blood sugar, but those are actually similar to expected pregnancy manifestations. Listed below are what you might expect if you had high blood sugar:
- increased thirst and urination
- nausea and/or vomiting
- insatiable appetite and weight loss
- various infections (bladder, vagina, skin, acne)
- tired and achy, blurry vision
These are not necessarily Gestational Diabetes symptoms, but if you do have these symptoms you should get yourself checked out. Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes generally don’t pose an immediate threat to the mother, but it could put her at risk for complications such as early labor, pre-eclampsia, or an excessive production of amniotic fluid. It also increases a mother’s chances of having Gestational Diabetes in her subsequent pregnancies, or even developing type 2 diabetes herself.
So how can the condition affect the baby if the mother has Gestational Diabetes symptoms? If a woman has high blood sugar, the baby is more likely to grow quite large. This can cause complications with birthing or a necessary c section. The baby is at risk for having hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar). While inside the womb, the baby produces extra insulin since the mother has high blood sugar. After the baby is born, he or she continues to produce extra insulin, causing his or her blood sugar to be too low. You should get your baby’s blood sugar check often if you have gestational diabetes. Usually a good diet of breast milk can stabilize the problem. Formula does not work as well as breast milk. If this doesn’t work, the baby may need direct injections of glucose.
The baby may also develop jaundice. The symptoms of jaundice are yellowing skin and yellowing eyes (the white part). This is not serious, but still important to note. Babies may have birth defects. Some examples would be a heart defect or a respiratory problem. Sometimes these things go away over time, but in some other cases they need more treatment. Later on in life, the child has a greater risk of becoming obese and developing type 2 diabetes himself or herself. For females, they have a higher chance of getting gestational diabetes during their own pregnancies.
If you have Gestational Diabetes symptoms, make sure to get tested for the disease. Even if you don’t have Gestational Diabetes symptoms, you may want to get checked anyway just to rule it out. Knowledge will help you avoid future complications.
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