Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes (also know as “adult onset diabetes”) is the most common form of diabetes. Unlike Type 1 diabetes, where the patient’s body does not produce any insulin, Type 2 patients’ still produce insulin, but either their bodies have developed insulin resistance, or there is not enough insulin to adequately control blood sugar levels. (Some people refer to insufficient insulin production as “type 1.5 diabetes”.) In long-standing type 2 insulin-resistant diabetes cases, especially where blood sugar levels have not been adequately controlled, the pancreas may begin to lose it’s ability to produce insulin, further complicating the situation.

While Type 2 diabetics can benefit from taking insulin as a blood glucose control measure, many doctors prefer to treat Type 2 diabetes with other medications. Starch blockers, and medications that impair glucose production are two options shared with type 1 diabetics. However, asl ong as the diabetic patient is still naturally producing insulin, other medications which boost the body’s insulin production are perhaps the most common primary treatments for type 2 diabetes. A newer option is medication which actually works to improve insulin sensitivity, thereby addressing the underlying problem in insulin-resistant diabetes.

While many people think type 2 diabetes is not as serious as Type 1 diabetes, because diet and excercise changes can have significant impacts on early Type 2 diabetes in some cases, the long-term side effects are thhe same. So while type 2 diabetics may have more treatment options, and a greater ability to lead a comparatively “normal” life, keeping close watch on blood sugar levels, and strictly adhering to prescribed treatments is of the utmost importance. If Type 2 diabetes is caught early, and treated properly, the lucky type two diabetic may avoid serious complications altogether.



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